Do you think that all dental implants are the same? Why are there so many differences in the prices of dental implant treatments? What complications can arise after the placement of a dental implant?
If you want to know what the essential aspects are that you should consider before deciding on an implantology treatment, this is the article for you!
What is a dental implant?
A dental implant is a medical device that we use to replace missing teeth. Nowadays, dental implants are a safe and durable solution for replacing original teeth.
It is a screw that, through minor surgery, is placed in the jawbone and replaces the missing root. At the same time, this screw holds the artificial tooth in place. The artificial tooth is a custom-made crown that is screwed onto the screw and has the appearance and function of a natural tooth.
What materials are implants made of?
Currently, the most commonly used materials for dental implants are pure titanium or titanium alloys with other metals. Ceramic implants are also available for people with allergies to metals in general.
The main reasons why titanium is the ideal material for dental implants are its long-term reliability, its high biocompatibility and resistance to corrosion, as well as its excellent osseointegration properties. In other words, titanium achieves a solid bond with the patient’s natural bone.
So much so that today, more than 95% of dental implants on the market are made of different titanium alloys.
What are the best implants on the market?
Up to this point we may think that a dental implant is just that, a screw. However, behind this piece there are many differences in quality. There are different types of implants on the market, but very few of them have more than 20 years of research behind them.
On the other hand, it is easy to find dental implants that are copies that lack quality control and that tend to have problems with fracture, lodging, osseointegration, … in short, they last very little time and have problems integrating into the patient’s bone. This is why the price of dental implants varies so much between different clinics.
As you can see, the success of a dental implant lies not only in the dentist’s expertise, but also in the type of implant, which is why it is advisable to ask the clinic if they use high-end implants that have passed quality controls, improve osseointegration or if they are especially indicated in cases of immediate loading, which allows you to reduce the time of your treatment.
In case of complications after implant placement, what are the most common?
A number of complications can occur after dental implants have been inserted. Some dental implant problems appear immediately and others after some time. In most cases, however, they are not serious and are caused by the inflammatory process involved in the surgical procedure.
Early complications of dental implants
– Inflammation of dental implants.
Oedema or swelling is usually a normal consequence of the intervention due to the aggression of the gum tissues, so you should not worry about it. However, this swelling may cause pain after a dental implant and that is why you will have to follow your dentist’s instructions, as he/she may prescribe an analgesic or anti-inflammatory to relieve it.
Another complication of dental implants is bleeding after surgery, especially when the anaesthesia wears off. It is very likely that your dentist will place some gauze that you will have to bite down on to compress the area and stop the bleeding, as well as checking that the suture is correct.
Due to the compression and the haematomas that may appear adjacent to the dental nerve, it is possible to feel neuralgia, anaesthesia and paraesthesia in the area where a dental implant has been placed. This is nothing to worry about, as they are usually only temporary.
Late complications of dental implants
-Dental implant breakage
The breakage of a dental implant is usually related to a blow or trauma, as well as the presence of bruxism, which many patients suffer from. Another reason for the fracture of dental implants is the quality of the material. Poor quality materials can cause the implant to break soon after implantation. That is why it is important to put yourself in the hands of reliable professionals.
-Dental implant infection
Dental implants, like natural teeth, can be affected by infection.
The most important cause of bone loss is infection of the jawbone caused by bacteria in the mouth. This is why good hygiene and plaque control are essential for the medium and long-term survival of the implant.
Infections related to dental implants are called peri-implant mucositis, which is the inflammation of the tissues surrounding the implant; and perimplantitis, which occurs when mucositis is not controlled and ends up affecting the bone tissue and, as a consequence, the implant is lost.
How long does it take to put in a dental implant?
The time it takes to place a dental implant depends on the bone loss of each patient.
In optimal conditions, when there is no bone resorption and no previous steps are necessary, the complete placement of the dental implant takes 3 months. This is the time required for osseointegration, i.e. the time it takes for a dental implant to heal within the bone, creating a stable unit.
Once the bone and screw have fused, the final dental crown is made by taking measurements through the intraoral scanner and, once the crown has been fabricated by the laboratory, it is placed and the treatment is completed.
If there is a lack of bone, it is necessary to wait longer to place a dental implant, as it will be necessary to regenerate the bone with bone graft surgery to achieve the necessary space and support to achieve osseointegration.
Is it possible to place the implant and the dental crown at the same appointment?
There is a technique known as immediate load dental implant placement that allows the dental implant to be inserted and a temporary crown to be placed at the same time. This has enormous aesthetic and functional advantages, but it is not an option suitable for all patients.
At Medident, dental clinic located in Málaga, we use immediate implantology techniques, i.e. we extract the tooth or teeth that are in poor condition, clean the area and place the implants in the same clinical session. In addition, it is also possible to place a fixed immediate dental prosthesis.
How many implants can be placed in one day?
There is no limit to the number of dental implants that can be placed in one day. The number of implants will depend on the dentist’s assessment depending on: the type of patient, the shape of the arch and the state of the bone in which the screws are placed.
Are dental implants for life?
Many people doubt whether dental implants last a lifetime. The reality is that in most cases they do last as long as the jawbone is there, which is usually the rest of the patient’s life.
However, it is important to remember that good hygiene is essential to avoid the perrimplantitis we have already mentioned, as the inflammation caused by bacteria in the mouth can destroy the bone and, without bone support, the implant will fall out.
It is also important to prevent the implant from fracturing. So people with bruxism should take extra measures to prevent this from happening.
What care should I take immediately after the dental implant is placed?
At Medident Dental Clinic we recommend the following care after dental implants:
– Apply ice to the area for 10-minute intervals for 6-8 hours after surgery.
-Since hygiene is fundamental, you should start brushing the area 24 hours after the operation.
-During dental implant recovery, you should not smoke or drink alcoholic beverages until at least one week after the operation.
-Try to keep your head higher than your body. During the postoperative period after dental implants, it is advisable to sleep with high pillows to avoid oedema.
What can I eat after I have an implant?
You should not eat or drink food or beverages that are too hot or cold. After a dental implant you can eat soft food at room temperature for the first few days.
Can I do sport after the implant is placed?
It is not advisable to do any strenuous physical exercise during the week after the operation. You can do sport after a dental implant, but you will have to wait at least three days before you can do sport normally.
Can I go to work after my dental implant has been inserted?
You can usually work after a dental implant, unless it is a major operation or there are any complications.
What guarantees are offered to me after my implant has been placed?
A dental implant is a dental treatment that, if it is carried out properly and, as a patient, you are involved in hygiene and maintenance, it is very difficult to lose an implant. Even so, the best clinics offer a guarantee period of several years. Specifically, at Medident we offer a 10-year guarantee if you have all the necessary check-ups.
However, bear in mind that the best guarantee of an implant is the quality of the materials and equipment we use, as well as the experience and training of the professional team that performs the intervention.
Are implants going to hurt?
No, dental implants do not have to hurt. Local anaesthesia is used to avoid pain during the procedure and, in the case of nervous patients, conscious sedation can be used.
Up to what age can dental implants be inserted?
Dental implants can be inserted up to 18 years of age. Dental implants for older people are valid as long as the patient does not have any medical contraindications.
I am diabetic, can I have implants?
Diabetes is a disease that interferes with the correct functioning of many organs, including the mouth, as it is easy for problems such as gingivitis or periodontitis to appear in patients with diabetes. These diseases increase the healing time, so people with diabetes may have a higher rate of infection and osseointegration problems.
However, if diabetes is well controlled and the hygiene and postoperative indications indicated by your dentist are followed, the combination of dental implants and diabetes is possible.
I am pregnant, can I have a dental implant?
Pregnant women should visit their dentist as a preventive measure. However, since dental implant surgery is not an emergency treatment, it is advisable to wait until the woman has given birth to undergo this type of surgery, even if it is an outpatient procedure.
Dental implants and autoimmune diseases
Dental implants and autoimmune diseases are compatible. Although it is important for the dentist to make special considerations for people with autoimmune diseases, these patients can safely receive dental implants.
Dental implants and osteoporosis
People with osteoporosis have lower bone mineral density and are therefore more prone to tooth loss or periodontal disease. However, dental implants are suitable for people with osteoporosis, but the dentist needs to take special care with these patients, especially if they are taking bisphosphonates, a drug with which surgery should be restricted.
Can dental implants damage my health?
Dental implant techniques have evolved extensively and that is why today we can say that dental implants are safe and have a very high success rate. It is therefore difficult to find patients who cannot undergo an implant placement procedure. However, patients who are medically compromised may have special considerations that need to be considered on a case-by-case basis.
Haven’t found the answer to your questions about dental implants?
As you can see, there are many factors to consider before deciding on a dental implant treatment, because not all treatments are the same and neither are the implants that can be placed in your mouth.
If you need a dental implant and you want to make the right choice, now is the time to get informed.
At Medident Torremolinos, your English speaking dentist in Máalga we are specialists in cases with little maxillary bone and we can help you with the most suitable dental implant treatment for your particular case. Contact us or send us a whatsapp and we will answer all your questions.