Aesthetic dental treatments are becoming more and more common due to their excellent results. Many patients often ask us about dental veneers and the differences between them and the material used. In this article we tell you all the details about porcelain veneers and composite veneers and what factors are likely to make you choose one or the other.

What are dental veneers?

Dental veneers are very thin shells that are bonded to the surface of the vestibular side of the teeth, i.e. the part of the tooth that is visible in a smile.

Benefits of wearing dental veneers

The implantation of veneers has numerous advantages for the patient on a physical, emotional and health level:

Corrects multiple dental aesthetic defects.

This aesthetic treatment is mainly indicated for 6 dental problems:

  • Colour: they make it possible to correct the colour of teeth when they have been exposed to the effects of medication, coffee, tea, curry, tobacco, etc., or simply as a permanent whitening option.
  • Alterations in size: veneers can achieve a more uniform result in terms of tooth size.
  • Alterations in shape: they correct teeth whose shape does not correspond to the patient’s physiognomy and achieve a much more aesthetic result.
  • Diastemas: with dental veneers, spaces or gaps between teeth can be reduced, so that all teeth are completely proportionate.
  • Slight malpositions: this treatment can conceal slight malpositions when the patient does not want to undergo orthodontics.
  • Fractures or wear: a dental veneer can hide and alleviate the wear or fracture of a tooth.

Minimally invasive technique

Thanks to advances in manufacturing and materials, dental veneers nowadays do not need to touch the tooth in 90% of cases. Often only minimal contouring is needed and no anaesthesia is required, making it a very minimally invasive technique.

Highly natural aesthetic result

Constant advances in dentistry mean that materials such as porcelain and resins achieve a natural effect and a realistic shade suited to the characteristics of the patient.

Get a whiter smile

One of the main advantages of veneers is that they correct the colour and allow you to choose the perfect shade for the patient, achieving perfect teeth and a whiter smile.

Improved self-esteem

Having healthy and beautiful teeth is much more than a purely aesthetic result. Smiling again without hiding and without being ashamed is a fundamental step towards strengthening your self-esteem and self-confidence on a daily basis.

Highly durable

Depending on the material chosen, a dental veneer treatment can last from 3 to 20 years, as long as the correct maintenance and hygiene guidelines are followed.

What are porcelain and composite veneers like?

There are two types of dental veneers:

Porcelain veneer.

These veneers consist of a very thin layer of porcelain or ceramic. There are 4 types of veneers within this material: ultra-thin veneers; zicorn veneers; feldspathic veneers and lithium disilicate veneers.

Composite veneers

These veneers are a resin composite that is injected onto the visible part of the patient’s tooth and moulded to the desired shape.

Primary differences between porcelain and composite veneers

The differences between an aesthetic porcelain veneer and a composite veneer lie primarily in the material, and other factors, such as the manufacturing process and durability, also depend on the material:

Fabrication process

Because of the material, porcelain veneers have a slower and more expensive manufacturing process. They are made in a dental laboratory and by a dental technician. Resin or composite veneers, on the other hand, are fabricated directly on the tooth in the clinic and are therefore immediate.

How they are placed

The first step, without distinguishing between treatments, is to carry out a study with a subsequent fully personalised diagnosis of the patient’s needs, after which the whole process is carried out.

On the one hand, composite dental veneers are placed directly on the patient’s teeth. It is created layer by layer and sculpted to the desired shape.

On the other hand, porcelain dental veneers require prior preparation of the tooth by polishing to help the veneers adhere. As we have already seen, these veneers are prepared in a prosthetic laboratory.

The duration

A porcelain veneer treatment lasts approximately 15 to 20 years with proper maintenance. Treatment with composite veneers, on the other hand, lasts between 3 and 5 years.

This is mainly due to the porosity of the material. Ceramic or porcelain is not porous, so it maintains its original colour permanently and it is more difficult for them to be affected by fracture, unlike resins or composite, which is porous.

Are they permanent or can they be reversed?

Composite veneers are reversible and can be removed without altering the tooth. However, porcelain veneers are irreversible and are a definitive treatment.

Which veneer is more aesthetic and better looking?

Amazing and extraordinary results can be achieved with either option, although porcelain veneers achieve a more natural and long-lasting result in the long term.

Price Differences

The cost of a porcelain veneer treatment is higher than a composite veneer treatment due to the characteristics of the material and its manufacturing and placement process. However, the final price will depend on factors that must be analysed with a personalised diagnosis.

When to choose between porcelain and composite veneers?

The choice between one type of aesthetic veneer or another depends on several factors and should be guided and advised by the expert dentist:

  • The occlusion of the mouth: the choice of veneer material depends on the good relationship of the arches and the available and adequate space in the patient’s mouth.
  • The patient’s habits: the consumption of coffee, tea or tobacco and the habit of biting one’s nails also have an impact on the decision between composite and ceramic.
  • The patient’s age: Although there is no contraindicated age for a porcelain or composite veneer treatment, this does influence the final decision on the material, as ceramic or porcelain veneers are practically irreversible, so they are applied in an older age range.

Summary

In short, dental veneers can be an excellent choice if you are looking for an effective and fast result in complete harmony with your face. Are you interested in having an aesthetic-dental treatment? Contact us for a functional and aesthetic study of your case, we will advise you personally and professionally on the best procedure for you and your smile. At Medident Dental Clinic we have an expert team trained in the most advanced technology and techniques in the sector.